There are a number of reasons why companies should provide training for operators, here are 5 main benefits for companies who provide Industrial Shredder Training to their staff.
Introduction to Industrial Shredder Training
A wide variety of work equipment and machinery is used across the waste and recycling industry (eg conveyors, lifting equipment, waste baling and compacting machines). Every year, a significant proportion of accidents (many serious and sometimes fatal) occur as a result of poorly guarded work equipment or improper use (eg unsafe interventions such as clearing blockages, maintenance or repair activities being undertaken when machinery is running). To prevent and reduce the risk of serious or fatal injury adequate arrangements and systems of work are required.
Benefit 1 – Risk Assessments
Risk assess your work activities and introduce and maintain safe systems of work for all the machinery in use. Useful information on safe systems of work for the use for the waste industry can be found on the HSE website. The underlying principles of this guidance can be applied to other machinery (eg, conveyors, shredders, trommels etc.) used in the waste and recycling industry, ensuring safety in waste handling and collection.
Benefit 2 – Before Starting work
Before starting any task you must consider Personal protective equipment (PPE) and selecting the correct work area.
Selecting the work area
- Select as firm a surface as possible and stabilise the machine.
- Ensure ventilation is adequate and any exhaust fumes are vented into open air if working in an enclosed space.
- Where appropriate, if the chipper is detached from the tow vehicle, apply the handbrake and, if necessary, chock the wheels.
- On all reasonably foreseeable approaches to the worksite, erect warning and prohibition signs conforming to the Health and Safety (Safety Signs and Signals) Regulations 1996, indicating a hazardous worksite and that unauthorised access is prohibited. In areas of very high public access, additional controls (eg barrier tape, barriers, extra manning) may be required.
- Ensure all operations near to highways are adequately signed with the appropriate notices as specified in the Department of Transport’s Safety at street works and road works: A Code of Practice.
- Ensure the discharge chute is positioned to prevent chips being blown onto the highway during roadside operations or in any direction where they can affect colleagues or members of the public.
- Position the chipper so that operators do not have to stand on embankments/ slopes when feeding material into the machine.
Personal protective equipment (PPE)
Use the following PPE:
- A safety helmet, complying with EN 397, if identified as required during risk assessment.
- Eye protection (a mesh visor complying with EN 1731 or safety glasses to EN 166).
- Hearing protection (complying with EN 352) where the noise level exceeds 85 dB(A)
- Gloves with long, close-fitting cuffs that can be tucked into sleeves.
- Safety boots with good grip and ankle support (complying with EN 345-1).
- Non-snag outer clothing appropriate to the prevailing weather conditions.
- High-visibility clothing (complying with EN 471) should be worn when risk assessment identifies that it is needed.
- Each person should carry a personal first-aid kit including a large wound dressing
- Hand-cleaning material such as waterless skin cleanser or soap, water and paper towels should be readily available.
Benefit 3 – Proper use of equipment
Having well trained staff, who know how to use, operate machinery safely i.e. clearing blockages. Will help to create a smooth running working environment. During, cleaning, repair or maintenance activities inadvertent powered movement can be prevented by securely isolating the plant from power sources – usually the electricity supply, but can also involve hydraulic and pneumatic power, and take into account the dissipation of stored energy if applicable. Security (‘lock off’) can be provided by padlocks on electrical isolator switches, for instance, and multi-user padlocks can be provided if more than a single maintenance worker is involved.
Ensure operators have received appropriate information and training relating to the safe operation of machinery, for Industrial Shredder safety.
Benefit 4 – Noticing a problem with the equipment.
Staff who have been trained will be able to notice problems with the equipment, this maybe a machine breakage or as mentioned in the introduction a guard that is missing. Ensuring that the work equipment is safe to use is part the the pre-shift checks taught during our training sessions. Operators will be able to shred waste safely.
Benefit 5 – Emergency procedures
Ensure a designated and responsible person knows the daily work program and agree with them a suitable emergency contact procedure. Where reasonably practicable use a mobile phone or radio and a pre-arranged call-in system.
Ensure the operators can provide the emergency services with enough detail for them to be found in the event of an accident, eg the grid reference, the distance from the main road, the type of access (suitable for car/four-wheel drive/emergency service vehicles). In urban areas street names and postal codes are essential. Know the location details before they are needed in an emergency.
The HSE recommend refresher training every 3 -5 years, depending on the frequency of the candidates use of the knowledge. For example if the candidate is using the Industrial Shredder daily / weekly they would require a 5 year refresher, whereas less frequent users are 3 years. If there is an accident or incident immediate refresher training is recommended.
Practical training of operators highlights how this benefits help to improve the normal working environment of using an industrial shredder. The HSE recommend using their advise along with the manufacturer’s handbook, as part of the risk assessment process to help identify the controls to put in place when using a wood chipper / shredders.
Operators must also ensure that they assess the effect of the site and the weather as well as following this guidance and received the appropriate Industrial Shredder operating training in how to operate the machine and how to carry out the tasks required before using any equipment.
We look forward to helping you with your training.